Chapter 7: Nucleophilic Substitution Reactions
With the foundations that have been built on the basic concepts in organic chemistry, we are now ready to learn about organic reactions. Organic reactions are mainly about the transformation of one functional group to the other, which aims to introduce new functional group into the product. As the reactivity center of a compound, a functional group has unique properties and undergoes certain types of reactions. We will explore the specific rules that govern the reactivity of each functional group and learn why different functional groups show different reactivities. In this chapter, we will start with the substitution reaction of alkyl halide and investigate further from there.