Activities For Further Reflection

Activities For Further Reflection

Apply one or more of these models to your past or current experience of teamwork:

  1. Have you engaged in the Tuckman team formation steps?
  2. Can you determine which of the DISC characteristics most closely matches your personality traits?
  3. Have you experienced a team project where misaligned goals or unclear roles had a negative impact?
  4. Do you think learning about the conflict modes or typical dysfunctions can help make your future team experiences more productive?
  5. Could you propose an alternative model for effective teamwork?

  1. B. Tuckman, “Developmental sequence in small groups,” Psychological Bulletin, vol. 63, no. 6, pp. 384-399. Available: : 
  2. S. McCahan, P. Anderson, M. Kortschot, P. E. Weiss, and K. A. Woodhouse, “Introduction to teamwork,” in Designing Engineers: An Introductory Text, Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2015, pp. 219-246. 
  3. eCampus Ontario. “Tuckman’s Linear Model of group development”, in Communication for Business Professionals – Canadian Edition [Online]. eCampus Ontario, 2018. Available:   
  4. Dlogo Nicoleti. “Modelo de Tuckman.png”, Wikimedia Commons . CC BY-SA 4.0 . 
  5. W. M. Marsten, Emotions of Normal People. Keegan Paul Trench Trubner and Co. Ltd., 1928; republished London: Routledge, 2002 
  6. R. Beckhard, (1972). “Optimizing team building efforts,” Journal of Contemporary Business, 1972, pp. 23–27. 
  7. K. W. Thomas & R. H. Kilmann, “Thomas–Kilmann Conflict Mode Instrument,” Tuxedo NY: Xicom, 1974. 
  8. P. Lencioni, Five Dysfunctions of a Team, New York, NY:  John Wiley and Sons Inc., 2002. 


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4. TEAMWORK AND COMMUNICATION by Suzan Last is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

Communication for Business Professionals by eCampusOntario is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.


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Business Writing For Everyone Copyright © 2021 by Arley Cruthers is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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