Chapter 9: Remembering and Judging

Learning Objectives

  • Compare and contrast implicit and explicit memory, identifying the features that define each.
  • Explain the function and duration of eidetic and echoic memories.
  • Summarize the capacities of short-term memory and explain how working memory is used to process information in it.
  • Label and review the principles of encoding, storage and retrieval.
  • Summarize the types of amnesia and their effects on memory.
  • Describe how the context in which we learn information can influence our memory of that information.
  • Outline the variables that can influence the accuracy of our memory for events.
  • Explain how schemas can distort our memories.
  • Describe the representativeness heuristic and the availability heuristic and explain how they may lead to errors in judgment.

 

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