31 Short Answer/Essay Questions

Try these AFTER you have thoroughly studied the chapter.  You should not have to look back at the text to answer them (only to check your answer!).  Remember, the point is NOT to memorize parts of the textbook but rather to understand the material and describe it in your OWN WORDS.

If you are going to write more than a couple of paragraphs, think about the structure of your answer.

  1. Describe two ways in which people can alter consciousness without using drugs.
  2. What impact do opioids have on human consciousness and behaviour?  Give examples to illustrate your answer.
  3. Contrast Freud’s theory of dreaming with the activation-synthesis theory.
  4. Describe the different phases of sleep.


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