Chapter 2: Introduction to Major Perspectives

Learning Objectives

After studying this chapter you should be able to:

  • Understand the core premises of biological psychology and the early thinkers.
  • Understand some of the psychological forces underlying human behaviour.
  • Identify levels of consciousness.
  • Critically discuss various models and theories of psychodynamic and behavioural psychology.
  • Understand the concept of psychological types and identify applications and examples in everyday life.
  • Understand the principles of behaviourist psychology and how these differ from the psychodynamic principles in terms of theory and application.
  • Distinguish between classical and operant conditioning.
  • Describe the key behaviourist theorists and approaches.
  • Identify applications of the behaviourist models in modern life.
  • Understand the key principles of humanist psychology.
  • Differentiate humanistic psychology from biological, psychodynamic and behaviourist psychology.
  • Critically discuss and differentiate between key humanistic concepts such as motivation, need, adaptation and perception.
  • Identify how humanistic psychology, and its related streams of cognitive and evolutionary psychology, have influenced aspects of daily life and work.
  • Critically evaluate empirical support for various biological psychological theories.Explore applications and implications of key concepts of this perspective.

 

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