37 Short Answer/Essay Questions

Try these AFTER you have thoroughly studied the chapter.  You should not have to look back at the text to answer them (only to check your answer!).  Remember, the point is NOT to memorize parts of the textbook but rather to understand the material and describe it in your OWN WORDS.

If you are going to write more than a couple of paragraphs, think about the structure of your answer


  1. What is the difference between longitudinal designs and cross-sectional designs? Describe some of the pros and cons of each approach.
  2. Briefly describe Piaget’s four stages of cognitive development.
  3. Describe the four parenting styles described in the text and illustrate each of them with an example.
  4. What cognitive changes typically occur during late adulthood?


Share This Book