Chapter 13: Defining Psychological Disorders

Learning Objectives

  • Define “psychological disorder” and summarize the general causes of disorder.
  • Explain why it is so difficult to define disorder and how the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is used to make diagnoses.
  • Describe the stigma of psychological disorders and their impact on those who suffer from them.
  • Outline and describe the different types of anxiety disorders.
  • Outline and describe the different types of dissociative disorders.
  • Explain the biological and environmental causes of anxiety and dissociative disorders.
  • Summarize and differentiate the different forms of mood disorders, in particular dysthymia, major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder.
  • Explain the genetic and environmental factors that increase the likelihood that a person will develop a mood disorder.
  • Categorize and describe the three major symptoms of schizophrenia.
  • Differentiate the five types of schizophrenia and their characteristics.
  • Identify the biological and social factors that increase the likelihood that a person will develop schizophrenia.
  • Categorize the different types of personality disorders and differentiate antisocial personality disorder from borderline personality disorder.
  • Outline the biological and environmental factors that may contribute to a person developing a personality disorder.
  • Differentiate the symptoms of somatoform and factitious disorders.
  • Summarize the sexual disorders and paraphilias.

 

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