3. Media and Crime
In this chapter, we examined the importance of media representations of crime. We considered how crime stories are selected and shaped for coverage from different theoretical perspectives, and we discussed whose interests are served in that process. We acknowledged that not all voices are heard in news coverage and that some voices are, in fact, privileged in constructing narratives around crime and justice. We examined the process of framing and how some crimes, criminal offenders, crime victims, and law enforcement officers are framed through media depictions. We highlighted examples of stereotyped portrayals that create, perpetuate and reinforce racist, sexist, classist, and colonialist discourses and ideas. Lastly, we examined the contrast between traditional and new media and the ways in which new media may shift the power dynamics that have governed traditional media and silenced certain voices. Criminologists are beginning to recognise social media platforms as perhaps more conducive to bringing criminology to the public in ways that have not been possible in traditional media formats.