2. Typologies and Patterns of Crime

2.11 References

Dr. Jon Heidt

Agnew, R. (1992). Foundation for a general strain theory of crime and delinquency. Criminology, 30(1), 47-87.

Agnew, R. (2011). Toward a unified criminology:  Integrating assumptions about crime, people, and society. New York University Press.

Alexander, B. K. (2008). The globalization of addiction: A study in poverty of the spirit.  Oxford University Press.

Andresen, M.A. (2009). Crime specialization across the Canadian provinces. Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice, 51(1), 31 – 53.

Ashby, M.P.J. (2020). Initial evidence on the relationship between the coronavirus pandemic and crime in the United StatesCrime Science, 9(6). https://doi.org/10.1186/s40163-020-00117-6

Baum, D. (1996). Smoke and mirrors: The war on drugs and the politics of failure. Little, Brown.

Beirne, P., & Messerschmidt, J.W. (2011). Criminology: A sociological approach. Oxford University Press.

Beitsch, R. (2018). “#MeToo Has Changed Our Culture. Now It’s Changing Our Laws.” Pew Charitable Trusts. July 18. Retrieved from:  https://www.pewtrusts.org/en/research-and-analysis/blogs/stateline/2018/07/31/metoo-has-changed-our-culture-now-its-changing-our-laws.

Beletsky, L., & Davis, C.S. (2017) Today’s fentanyl crisis: Prohibition’s iron law, revisited. International Journal of Drug Policy, 46, 156-159.

Bennet, T., Holloway, K., & Farrington, D.P. (2008). The statistical association between drug misuse and crime: A meta-analysis.  Aggression and Violent Behavior, 13(2), 107-118.

Berger, P., & Luckmann, T. (1966). The social construction of reality. Doubleday.

Blumstein, A., & Wallman, J. (2006). The crime drop in America. Cambridge University Press.

Boman, J.H., & Gallupe, O. (2020) Has COVID-19 changed crime? Crime rates in the United States during the pandemic. American Journal of Criminal Justice, 45, 537–545.

Bonn, S. (2014). Why we love serial killers: The curious appeal of the world’s most savage murderers.  Skyhorse Publishing.

Boyd, Neil (2015) Understanding crime in Canada. Emond Montgomery Publications.

Byrne, J. M., & Kimball, K. A. (2017). Inside the Darknet: techno-crime and criminal opportunity. Criminal justice technology in the 21st century, 206-232.  Charles C. Thomas Publisher.

Cohen, L. E., & Felson, M. (1979). Social change and crime rate trends: A routine activity approach. American Sociology Review, 44, 588-608.

Corrado R., & Cohen I. (2011) Aboriginal youth at risk: The role of education, mobility, housing, employment, and language as protective factors for problem and criminal behaviours. In: P. Dinsdale, J. White, & C. Hanselmann (Eds). Urban Aboriginal Communities in Canada: Complexities, Challenges, Opportunities. Thompson Education, 2–36.

Corrado, R.R., Kuehn, S., & Margaritescu, I. (2014). Policy issues regarding the overrepresentation of incarcerated Aboriginal young offenders in a Canadian context. Youth Justice, 14(1), 40-62.

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Felson, M. and Eckert, M. (2018). Crime and everyday life (6th Edition).  Sage.

Gottfredson, M. R., & Hirschi, T. (1990). A general theory of crime. Stanford University Press.

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Hall, S. (2012). Synopsis of theorizing crime and deviance: A new perspective. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Criminology, 6(2), 145-155.

Heidt, J. (2021). Tangled up in green:  Cannabis legalization in British Columbia after one year [PDF]. School of Criminology & Criminal Justice. University of the Fraser Valley: Abbotsford, BC, Canada. Retrieved from: https://cjr.ufv.ca/wp-content/uploads/2021/01/Tangled-Up-in-Green-Cannabis-Legalization-in-British-Columbia-After-One-Year.pdf

Heidt, J., Dosanjh, A., & Roberts, D. (2018). Great expectations? Perceptions of cannabis regulation in Abbotsford [PDF].B.C. School of Criminology & Criminal Justice. University of the Fraser Valley:  Abbotsford, BC, Canada. Retrieved from:  https://cjr.ufv.ca/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/Cannabis-Report-for-web.pdf

Heidt, J., & Wheeldon, J. (2021). Data, damn lies, and cannabis policy: Reefer madness and the methodological crimes of the new prohibitionists. Critical Criminology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10612-020-09548-8

Hughes C. E., & Stevens, A. (2010). What can we learn from the Portuguese decriminalization of illicit drugs? British Journal of Criminology, 50, 999-1022.

Hughes C. E., & Stevens, A. (2014). A resounding success or a disastrous failure: Re-examining the interpretation of evidence on the Portuguese decriminalization of illicit drugs. Drug and Alcohol Review, 31, 101-113.

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Levy, R., & Mattsson, M. (2019) The effects of social movements: Evidence from #MeToo. Retrieved from: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3496903

MacCoun, R. J., & Reuter, P. (2001). Drug war heresies: Learning from other vices, times, and places. Cambridge University Press.

Maté, G. (2008). In the realm of hungry ghosts: Close encounters with addiction. Knopf Canada.

Miron, Jeffery (2004). Drug war crimes: The consequences of prohibition.  Independent Institute. 

Mitchell, O., & Caudy, M.S. (2014). Examining racial disparities in drug arrests. Justice Quarterly, 32(2), 288–313.

Monchalin, L. (2016). The colonial problem:  An Indigenous perspective on crime and justice in Canada.  University of Toronto Press.

Moreau, G. (2019). Police-reported crime statistics in Canada, 2019. Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics:  Statistics Canada. Retrieved from:  https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/pub/85-002-x/2019001/article/00013-eng.htm

Moreau, G., Jaffray, B., & Armstrong, A. (2020). Police-reported crime statistics in Canada, 2019. Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics: Statistics Canada. Retrieved from: https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/pub/85-002-x/2020001/article/00010-eng.htm

Nivette, A. (2011). Cross-national predictors of crime: A meta-analysis. Homicide Studies, 15(2), 103-131.

O’Connor, L., & Marans, D. (2017).  Trump condemned racism as ‘evil.’ Here are 20 times he embraced it. Huffington Post (August 14th).  Retrieved from: https://www.huffpost.com/entry/trump-racism-examples_n_5991dcabe4b09071f69b9261

Owusu-Bempah, A., & Luscombe, A. (2020). Race, cannabis and the Canadian war on drugs: An examination of cannabis arrest data by race in five cities. International Journal of Drug Policy. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2020.102937

Perry, B., & Scrivens, R.A. (2016). Uneasy alliances: A look at the right-wing extremist movement in Canada. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 39(9), 819-841.

Perry, B., & Scrivens, R.A (2018). Climate for hate? An exploration of the right-wing extremist landscape in Canada. Critical Criminology, 26, 169–187.

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Quinney, R. (1974). Critique of the legal order. Little, Brown and Company.

Reinarman, C. (2009). Cannabis policies and user practices: Market separation, price, potency, and accessibility in Amsterdam and San Francisco. International Journal of Drug Policy, 20(1), 28-37.

Reinarman, C., Cohen, P. D. A., & Kaal, H. L. (2004). The limited relevance of drug policy: Cannabis in Amsterdam and in San Francisco. American Journal of Public Health, 94(5), 836-842.

Robinson, M.B., & Scherlen, R. (2014). Lies, damned lies, and drug war statistics: A critical analysis of claims made by the Office of National Drug Control Policy. State University of New York Press.

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Statistics Canada (2020). Table 35-10-0066-01. Police-reported hate crime, by type of motivation, Canada (selected police services). Retrieved from: https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/t1/tbl1/en/tv.action?pid=3510006601

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Tasker, Paul (2021). Canada labels the Proud Boys, neo-Nazi groups as terrorists. (Feb. 3rd). CBC News.  https://www.cbc.ca/news/politics/canada-proud-boys-terrorists-1.5899186

Taylor, I., Walton, P., & Young, J. (1973). The new criminology: For a social theory of deviance. Routledge & Kegan Paul.

Tonry, M. (2004). Thinking about crime: Sense and sensibility in American penal culture. Oxford Press.

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Wiersma-Mosley, J. D., & Jozkowski, K. N. (2019). A Brief Report of Sexual Violence among Universities with NCAA Division I Athletic ProgramsBehavioral sciences (Basel, Switzerland)9(2), 17. https://doi.org/10.3390/bs9020017

Wright, R. T., & Decker, S. H. (1994). Burglars on the job: Streetlife and residential break-ins. Northeastern University Press.

Wright, R., & Decker, S. H. (1997). Armed robbers in action: Stickups and street culture. Northeastern University Press.

Ye Hee Lee, M. (2015). Donald Trump’s false comments connecting Mexican immigrants and crime. The Washington Post (July 8th).  Retrieved from: https://www.google.ca/amp/s/www.washingtonpost.com/news/fact-checker/wp/2015/07/08/donald-trumps-false-comments-connecting-mexican-immigrants-and-crime/%3foutputType=amp

Zhou, L. (2020). Trump’s racist references to the coronavirus are his latest effort to stoke xenophobia. VOX (June 23rd). Retrieved from: https://www.vox.com/2020/6/23/21300332/trump-coronavirus-racism-asian-americans

Zimring, F. (2007). The great American crime decline. Oxford University Press.


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