13. Green Criminology

13.11 References

Dr. Gregory Simmons; Dr. Mark Vardy; and Dr. Rochelle Stevenson

Aaltola, E. (2016). Differing philosophies: Criminalisation and the stop Huntingdon animal cruelty debate. In R. Ellefsen, R. Sollund & G. Larsen (Eds.), Eco-global Crimes: Contemporary Problems and Future Challenges (pp. 157–180). Routledge.

Bayer (n.d.). TruFlex Canola with Roundup Ready Technology. https://traits.bayer.ca/en/canola/truflex-canola.

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Beck, U. (1992b). Risk society: Towards a new modernity. Sage.

Beck, U. (1999). World risk society. Cambridge Polity.

Beirne, P. (2004). From animal abuse to interhuman violence? A critical review of the progression thesis. Society and Animals, 12(1), 39-65.

Beirne, P. (2007). Animal rights, animal abuse and green criminology. In P. Beirne and N. South (Eds.), Issues in Green Criminology. Willan.

Beirne, P. (2009). For a nonspeciesist criminology: animal abuse as an object of study. In Environmental crime: A reader, 37(1), 175.

Beirne, P. (2014). Theriocide: Naming and animal killing. International Journal for Crime Justice and Social Democracy, 3(2), 49‐66.

Benz, T. A. (2019). Toxic cities: Neoliberalism and environmental racism in Flint and Detroit Michigan. Critical Sociology, 45(1), 49–62. 

Bittle, S. (2012). Still dying for a living: corporate criminal liability after the Westray Mine disaster. UBC Press.

Black, K. (2021, May 3). Tip of the iceberg: The true state of drinking water advisories in First Nations. The Conversation. http://theconversation.com/tip-of-the-iceberg-the-true-state-of-drinking-water-advisories-in-first-nations-156190

Borrows, J., Chartrand, Fitzgerald, O.E., & Schwartz, R. (2019). Braiding Legal Orders: Implementing the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. CIGI.

Bowness, E., & Hudson, M. (2014). Sand in the cogs? Power and public participation in the Alberta tar sands. Environmental Politics, 23(1), 59-76.

Brisman, A., & South, N. (2019). Green Criminology and Environmental Crimes and Harms. Sociology Compass, 13(1), 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1111/soc4.12650

Brook, D. (2000). Environmental genocide: Native Americans and toxic waste. American Journal of Economics and Sociology, 57(1), 105-113.

Campbell, C., Greenberg, R., Mankikar, D., & Ross, R. (2016). A case study of environmental injustice: The failure in FlintInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 13(10), 951. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph13100951

Carrington, D. (2021, April 19). ‘A great deception’: Oil giants taken to task over ‘greenwash’ ads. The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/business/2021/apr/19/a-great-deception-oil-giants-taken-to-task-over-greenwash-ads#:~:text=Some%20of%20the%20world’s%20biggest,by%20the%20environmental%20lawyers%20ClientEarth.

Chunn. D. E., Boyd, S. C., & Menzies, R. (2002). We all live in Bhopal: Criminology Discovers Environmental Crime. In S. C. Boyd, D. E. Chunn & R. Menzies (Eds.), Toxic Criminology: Environmental Law and State in Canada (pp. 7-24). Fernwood Publishing.

Comack, E. (2018). Corporate colonialism and the “crimes of the powerful” committed against the Indigenous peoples of Canada. Critical Criminology, 26(4), 455-471.

Covert, B. (2016, February 18). Race Best Predicts Whether You Live Near Pollution. The Nation. https://www.thenation.com/article/archive/race-best-predicts-whether-you-live-near-pollution/

Cribb, R., McIntosh, E., Jarvis, C., Bogdan, S., Bocknek, M., & Mackenzie, R. (2017, October 14). In Sarnia’s Chemical Valley, is ‘toxic soup’ making people sick? The Star. https://www.thestar.com/news/world/2017/10/14/in-sarnias-chemical-valley-is-toxic-soup-making-people-sick.html

Crosby, A., & Monaghan, J. (2018). Policing Indigenous Movements: Dissent and the Security State. Fernwood Publishing.

Crosby, A. (2021). The racialized logics of settler colonial policing: Indigenous ‘communities of concern’ and critical infrastructure in Canada. Settler Colonial Studies, 1-20. http://doi.org/10.1080/2201473X.2021.1884426

Cudworth, E. (2017). Breeding and rearing farm animals. In J. Maher., H. Pierpoint & P. Beirne (Eds.), The Palgrave International Handbook of Animal Abuse Studies (pp. 159–179). Palgrave.

Escobar, S. C. (2015). Recognizing the ‘other:’ issues of animal–human relationships and animal rights in crime and justice. Contemporary Justice Review, 18(4), 391–394. https://doi.org/10.1080/10282580.2015.1093746

First Nations exposed to pollutants in “chemical valley” (2013, November 24). CBC News. Retrieved May 31, 2021, from https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/windsor/first-nations-exposed-to-pollutants-in-chemical-valley-1.2438724

Fitzgerald, A. J. (2015). Animals as food: (Re)connecting production, processing, consumption, and impacts. Michigan State University Press.

Girard, A. L., Day, S., & Snider, L. (2010). Tracking environmental crime through CEPA: Canada’s environment cops or industry’s best friend? Canadian Journal of Sociology, 35(2), 219-241.

Goyes, D. R., & Sollund, R. (2016). Contesting and Contextualising CITES: Wildlife Trafficking in Colombia and Brazil. International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy, 5(4), 87. https://doi.org/10.5204/ijcjsd.v5i4.331.

Goyes, D. R., & Sollund, R. (2018). Animal abuse, biotechnology and species justice. Theoretical Criminology, 22(3), 363–383. https://doi.org/10.1177/1362480618787179

Greife, M., Stretesky, P. B., Shelley, T. O., & Pogrebin, M. (2017). Corporate Environmental Crime and Environmental Justice. Criminal Justice Policy Review, 28(4), 327–346. https://doi.org/10.1177/0887403415576742

Gunster, S., Szeman, I., Greaves, M., & Neubauer, R. (2018). Communicating power: Energy, Canada, and the field(s) of communication. Canadian Journal of Communication, 43(1), 3-10.

Halsey, M., & White, R. (1998). Crime, Ecophilosophy and Environmental Harm. Theoretical Criminology, 2(3), 345–371.

Heydon, J. (2018). Sensitising green criminology to procedural environmental justice: A case study of First Nation consultation in the Canadian oil sands. International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy, 7(4), 67-82.

Hillyard, P., & Tombs, S. (2007). From ‘crime’ to social harm? Crime, Law and Social Change, 48(1–2), 9–25. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10611-007-9079-z

Hodson, P. V. (2013). History of environmental contamination by oil sands extraction. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110(5), 1569-1570. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1221660110

Hosgood, A. F. (2022, February 8). Wet’suwet’en Call on the UN to Support Land Battle. The Tyee. https://thetyee.ca/News/2022/02/08/Wetsuweten-Call-On-UN-Support-Land-Battle/

Huseman, J., & Short, D. (2012). ‘A slow industrial genocide’: Tar sands and the Indigenous peoples of northern Alberta. The International Journal of Human Rights, 16(1), 216-237. http://doi.org/10.1080/13642987.2011.649593

Jarvis, C. & Russell, A. (2017, October 17). Ontario government ignored public safety concerns in ‘Chemical Valley,’ ‘muzzled’ engineers: document. Global News. https://globalnews.ca/news/3809041/sarnia-chemical-valley-ontario-government-ignored-public-safety-concerns-muzzled-engineers/

Kelly, E. N., Short, J. W., Schindler, D. W., Hodson, P., V., Ma, M., Kwan, A., K., & Fortin, B., L (2009). Oil sands development contributes polycyclic aromatic compounds to the Athabasca River and its tributaries. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106(52), 22346-22351. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0912050106

Kestler-D’Amours, J., & O’Toole, M. (2019, December 5). Nations divided: Mapping Canada’s pipeline battle. Al Jazeera Interactives. Retrieved June 17, 2021, from https://interactive.aljazeera.com/aje/2019/nations-divided-mapping-canadas-pipeline/index.html

Kimerling, J. (2013). Oil, contract, and conservation in the Amazon: Indigenous Huaorani, Chevron, and Yasuni. Colorado Natural Resources, Energy & Environmental Law Review, 24(1), 43–116.

Kramer, L. (2020, July 8). Silencing whistle-blowers on farms conceals animal and employee abuse. The Conversation. http://theconversation.com/silencing-whistle-blowers-on-farms-conceals-animal-and-employee-abuse-141921

Kurjata, A. (2021, July 8). After landmark court victory, Treaty 8 Nations lay out vision for energy development in northeastern B.C. CBC News. https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/british-columbia/treaty-8-blueberry-river-energy-british-columbia-ruling-1.6095081.

Long, M. A., Stretesky, P. B., Lynch, M. J., & Fenwick, E. (2012). Crime in the coal industry: Implications for green criminology and treadmill of production. Organization & Environment, 25(3), 328–346.

Lynch, M. J. (1990). The greening of criminology: A perspective on the 1990s. Critical Criminologist, 2(3), 1–4, 11–12.

Mackenzie, C. A., Lockridge, A., & Keith, M. (2005). Declining Sex Ratio in a First Nation Community. Environmental Health Perspectives, 113(10), 1295–1298. https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.8479

Mantyka-Pringle, C., Westman, C. N., Kythreotis, A. P., & Schindler, D. W. (2015). Honouring Indigenous treaty rights for climate justice. Nature Climate Change, 5(9), 798-801.

Maron, D. F. (n.d.). Toxic Fire Retardants Will Linger in the Environment for Years. Scientific American. https://doi.org/10.1038/scientificamerican0314-18b

Menache, A. (2017). Animals in scientific research. In J. Maher., H. Pierpoint & P. Beirne (Eds.), The Palgrave International Handbook of Animal Abuse Studies (pp. 389-413). Palgrave.

Monaghan, J., & Walby, K. (2017). Surveillance of environmental movements in Canada: critical infrastructure protection and the petro-security apparatus. Contemporary Justice Review, 20(1), 51-70.  http://doi.org/10.1080/10282580.2016.1262770

Naughton, M. (2007). Zemiology. Rethinking Miscarriages of Justice: Beyond the Tip of the Iceberg (pp. 161–186). Palgrave Macmillan UK. https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230598966_9

Nurse, A. (2016). Beyond the property debate: Animal welfare as a public good. Contemporary Justice Review, 19(2), 174-187.

Pellegrini, L., Arsel, M., Orta-Martínez, M., & Mena, C. F. (2020). International Investment Agreements, Human Rights, and Environmental Justice: The Texaco/Chevron Case From the Ecuadorian Amazon. Journal of International Economic Law, 23(2), 455–468. https://doi.org/10.1093/jiel/jgaa016

Perkins, T. (2021, May 21). Chemical giants hid dangers of ‘forever chemicals’ in food packaging. The Guardian. http://www.theguardian.com/environment/2021/may/12/chemical-giants-hid-dangers-pfas-forever-chemicals-food-packaging-dupont

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Preston, J. (2017). Racial extractivism and white settler colonialism: An examination of the Canadian tar sands mega-projects. Cultural Studies, 31(2-3), 353-375.

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