•Cite all published materials as you would for any regular academic writing.
•When possible acknowledge the author’s Nation in the body of your writing.
•Most citation styles do not require citation for “personal communication” or information shared orally.
•Because Indigenous Peoples come from an oral culture, full citation is recommended.
This supports the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (United Nations, 2007) which was passed in British Columbia legislation in November of 2019 (Government of British Columbia, 2020).
Currently there is no officially agreed upon citation style of Indigenous oral sources, such as Elder/Knowledge Keeper sources. As practices evolve, this section will be updated accordingly.