This citation template was developed in consultation with the University of British Columbia’s Xwi7xwa Library Student Librarian Bronwen McKie and follows the guidelines of Elder Citation developed by Librarian Lorisia MacLeod (James Smith Cree Nation) at NorQuest College. The citation was further modified by Lekeyten, Kwantlen First Nation Elder and Kwantlen Polytechnic University’s Elder in Residence. It is recommended that you use this citation model for Elder’s in British Columbia while at Kwantlen Polytechnic University.
Below is a template to use when citing Elders or Knowledge Keepers in the Chicago format. If an Elder or Knowledge Keeper has a traditional name they wish to use, simply replace the “Last name, First names” with their traditional name. If there are any other discrepancies between the citation style and the Elder or Knowledge Keepers wishes, always follow the Elder or Knowledge Keepers’ wishes.
Last Name, First Names (Elder/Knowledge Keeper), Nation. Topic/subject of communication if applicable. Personal communication. Territorial Acknowledgement of where the information was shared. Month Date, Year.
Lekeyten (Elder), Kwantlen First Nation. Community Justice. Personal communication. Shared on the traditional unceded territory of the Kwantlen, Musqueam, Katzie, Semiahmoo, Tsawwassen, Qayqayt, and Kwikwetlem Peoples. April 9, 2019.
First Names Last Name (Elder/Knowledge Keeper), Nation, Topic/subject of communication if applicable, Personal communication, Territorial Acknowledgement of where the information was shared, Month Date, Year.
Lekeyten (Elder), Kwantlen First Nation, Community Justice, Personal communication, Shared on the traditional unceded territory of the Kwantlen, Musqueam, Katzie, Semiahmoo, Tsawwassen, Qayqayt, and Kwikwetlem Peoples, April 9, 2019.