8 Future Simple

Future Simple

Annapurna Madhuri

  • Introduction:

 When the verb in a sentence refers to some time in the future over which we do not have any control, it is in the future tense.

The simple future tense form of a verb has two parts:

  1. The future tense form of ‘to be’, ‘will’ – known as helping verb or auxillary verb
  2. Main verb

The structure of the sentence:

Affirmative sentences:-

Subject + helping verb + main verb + object

subject+ will + main verb (in is original form) + object

Example: Farah will complete her homework.

Interrogative sentences:-

Helping verb + subject + main verb + object

Will + subject + participle form of main verb + object

Example: Will Farah complete her homework?

Negative sentences:-

Subject + helping verb + NOT – main verb + object

Subject + will NOT + participle form of main verb = object

Example: Farah will not complete her homework.

Let us discuss all these points in detail.

Learning Objectives

At the end of this lesson, all learners will be able to:

  1. Identify different situations where simple future tense is used.
  2. Use ‘will’ and ‘be going to’ in appropriate places
  3. Use the simple future tense in affirmative, negative, and interrogative sentences.

Exercises: Previous knowledge

Exercise: Choose the correct form of verb tense in the following sentences to complete the sentences.

Quick Read

Read carefully the paragraph describing the proceedings of a training institute.  Later we will discuss it.

Finishing School for Teachers – FST

On Monday next, SATT will commence training its third batch of students for FST – Finishing School for Teachers.  The trainees will have an induction program and this will be followed by welcoming the students.  Welcome kits will be given away to each of the trainee.  On the first day, the session will begin at 9.30 am.  The inaugural function will start with a prayer song and other programs will follow.  All the newly selected candidates will be present at the session.  Apart from the local faculty, our support faculty from Bangalore will also be present.  Ms. Namratha Sharma, a retired principal, will be the chief guest.  She is going to deliver a session on the need for the shift from teacher-centered classes to student-centered classrooms in the 21st century.

This FST course will be a four month training program for aspiring teachers.  It will provide immense opportunities for the upcoming teachers to hone their teaching skills and also have a hands-on experience of teaching-learning processes as well as classroom management. After the successful completion of the training, selected candidates will be provided a paid internship for a period of three months.  At the end of the FST program, teachers will be school ready and they will be able to walk straight into the class and facilitate the students.  The seven month program is going to be a rich learning experience for all the trainees.

We use simple future tense to describe actions that take place in some future time to express a wish or a plan or predict the events supposed to take place in the future.

  • Express future as a factAll the newly selected candidates will be present at the session. 
  • Plan to do something in the futureThe inaugural function will start with a prayer song and other programs will follow. 
  • Official programs and timetablesOn Monday next, SATT will commence training its third batch of students for FST – Finishing School for Teachers. 
  • Something we predict will happen in futureThe seven month program is going to be a rich learning experience for all the trainees.

Let’s make sure we’ve understood this.

Focus Areas

This is a bit unclear to me.  Would it be possible to create a chart that more clearly shows which form is used in which situation?

Let us now explore how simple future tense is used:

Simple future tense is used to indicate events of the future time:

  • Express future as a fact – will be/shall be
  • Talk about things which we think or believe will happen in the future – will be
  • Special Cases: 

  • Discuss our plan and make up our mind to do something in the future (use going to… or about to…) 
    • Example:
    • She willhave the best vacation this year.
    • She is going to have the best vacation this year.
    • The train willleave in a few minutes.
    • The train is about to leave in a few minutes.
  • Produce official programs and timetables – simple present tense is used– as indication of future
    • Example: The annual sports event will be held in the month of December every year.
    • Use simple present as indication of future program: The annual sports event is heldin the month of December every year,
  • Some future happening with clauses such as if, till, until, before, after, in a while, as soon as, while, when and so on – simple present is used as indicationof future
    • Example: I won’t go out if it will rain. – I won’t go out, if it rains.
  • Planned personal arrangement – present continuous tense is used as indication of future
    • Example: I will goto Bangalore tomorrow.
      • Use present continuous tense: I am going to Bangalore tomorrow.
    • We will eat out tonight.
      • Use present continuous tense: We are eating out tonight.

Signal words indicating future tense are: tomorrow, tomorrow afternoon, tomorrow evening, next week, next month, next Saturday, tonight

Exercise: Choose the correct form of the verb tense to complete the following sentences.

Exercise: Rewrite the following sentences in interrogative form, in simple future tense

Exercise: Rewrite the following sentences in negative form, in simple future tense

Use of shall and will in future tense:
Usage First person second/third person
Describe future very formally shall shall
Describe future informally will will
Make predictions will will
Make suggestions shall will
Expressing hope will will
Request with please will will
Make offers and promises shall will
Express formal obligations shall shall
Express decisions made at the time of speaking will will
Express consewuences of conditional phrase will will
Express refusal won’t won’t

Exercise: Complete the following paragraph using will/shall/won’t

Additional Self-check Exercises

Exercise: Use the simple future form of the verb and complete the paragraph.

Exercise: Arrange the words in proper order to form meaningful sentences.

 

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Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

https://dx.doi.org/Effective English for Teachers

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