The previous section introduced the connection between values and power. Values may have guided what actions the organization enabled or constrained. It was through exercising power, however, that people enabled or constrained those actions.
Let’s review several critical activities described above through the lens of power. Keep Chapter VI handy as a reference.
The CEO formed a collaboration between BC and Nova Scotian health authorities along with the Foundation. This was an example of .
- This collaboration gave each organization access to resources that they lacked on their own. Through this collaboration, the Seniors Program came into existence.
Though the BC Health Authority CEO supported the Seniors Program, the vice presidents of the organization initially opposed it due to their focus on reducing hospital overcrowding. Their opposition took the form of denying the fellowship resources of time and personnel.
This was an example of . Rather than openly confront the CEO, vice presidents by choosing, instead, to starve the program of needed inputs quietly.
When the fellowship tried to get the support of executive managers by presenting the Seniors Program as a solution to hospital overcrowding, this was an example of .
Additionally, the fellowship could have asked the CEO to coerce the vice presidents to support the program. Instead, they chose to use the tactic of defining rationality to avoid conflict. They relied on rather than . They did this to .
These are just a few examples. You may see others.
Generally, people seldom exercise power for the sake of it. Instead, they use power in pursuit of their values or to constrain the implementation of conflicting values.
If values define the ends we find worth achieving, we exercise power to achieve those ends. If values define the appropriate means to achieve those ends, then values define which tactics of power are acceptable.
- It is people’s exercise of power that gives structures the force to enable or constrain actions
- Values guide the use of power
- People use power to pursue their values
- People use power to constrain the implementation of conflicting values
Two or more parties take action to form a working relationship with each other.
Obtaining what you want through suppressing conflict and limiting the scope of what is debated to issues you deem safe.
One party takes purposeful action to avoid conflict with another party.
A tactic of power where one party seeks to shape what others perceive as rational.
Manipulation is a form of episodic power. It is the use of power to control the topics people discuss and to frame the issues discussed within desired boundaries.
Coercion is an form of episodic power. It is the use of power to compel another party's compliance when they otherwise would not comply.