14 Creating Reference List Citations: Trade Publications

Step 1: Find the 4 Ws

The 4 Ws for the trade article (there are four slides)



Step 2: Arrange the 4 Ws in the correct order and with the correct formatting.

The citation for the trade article (click image to see it bigger):

The example above is an article in a trade publication accessed through its online version on an open website.

  • Author: the article’s individual author, as always last name followed by initials.
  • Date: the publication date of the issue in () parentheses, Year-First, followed by the months.
  • Title: the article title in sentence-case.
  • Source location: the Publication’s Title (in Title-Case and italics), the article page range, and hyperlinked URL.
    • This example has no volume or issue numbers, so they are skipped.


Now try it yourself! 

The Library’s APA Online Guide is a great resource to have on hand for creating reference citations.

Exercise 1: Find the elements needed for a reference list citation for this trade article


Exercise 2: How do you write each citation element in APA Style for the same trade article?

Image attribution: “[Colour coded and labelled image for a trade publication]“ by University of Alberta Library’s APA Style Citation Tutorial is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 International.


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APA Style Citations Copyright © 2021 by Ulrike Kestler is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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